Pyrophyllite as raw material for ceramic applications in the perspective of its pyro-chemical properties

Autores: Mukhopadhyay, T.K.|Ghatak, S.|Maiti, H.S.
Fuente: Ceram. Int.
36 (3) 909-916

General pyro-chemical properties of pyrophyllite were studied using one Indian variety as sample. In addition to normal routine analysis, thermal expansion, infrared spectroscopy, DTA, XRD and SEM studies were also employed to understand the pyro-chemical properties of the specimen at different temperatures. The results indicate that the specimen contains pyrophyllite as major phase with sericite, quartz and diaspore as minor phases. Unlike kaolinite, pyrophyllite contains low alumina and high silica which on heating mainly produces mullite and amorphous silica. Mullite crystallization from pyrophyllite is rather easy than that from kaolinite. The silica in turn yields large amount of viscous liquid at high temperature. It is suggested that pyrophyllite may be utilized in such compositions favourably where mullite is a desirable phase by partial replacement of china clay which is a viable alternative particularly in the background of depleting reserves of kaolinite and its continuous cost escalation. Additionally amorphous silica produced in the reaction system may acts as an in situ produced filler material that reduces the use of quartz in such system.

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