Optimisation of sintered glass?ceramics from an industrial waste glass

Autores: Bernardo, E.|Bonomo, E.|Dattoli, A.
Fuente: Ceram. Int.
36 (5), 1675-1680

Industrial plasma melting of municipal solid waste (MSW) incinerator fly ashes leads to a glass that may be easily crystallised to gehlenite glass?ceramics, by the sintering of fine glass powders. However, since the glass composition is not optimised for glass?ceramic manufacturing, the viscous flow is much hindered by a very significant surface crystallisation and dense glass?ceramics are feasible only by sintering above 1000 °C. This paper reports a new strategy for obtaining dense and strong glass?ceramics at 950 °C, with a holding time of only 30 min, consisting of the mixing of waste glass with a secondary recycled glass, such as soda-lime?silica glass or borosilicate glass. For an optimum balance between the two types of glass also the addition of kaolin clay, in order to favour the shaping, was found to be feasible. The approach had a positive effect, besides on the mechanical properties (e.g. bending strength exceeding 100 MPa), on the chemical stability.

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