Fabrication and characterization of iron oxide ceramic membranes for arsenic removal

Autores: Sabbatini, P.|Yrazu, F.|Rossi, F.|Thern, G.|Marajofsky, A.|Fidalgo de Cortalezzi, M.M.
Fuente: Wat. Res.
44 (19), 5702-5712

Nanoscale iron oxide particles were synthesized and deposited on porous alumina tubes to develop tubular ceramic adsorbers for the removal of arsenic, which is an extremely toxic contaminant even in very low concentrations. Its natural presence affects rural and low-income populations in developing countries in Latin America and around the world, which makes it essential to develop a user-friendly, low energy demanding and low cost treatment technology. The fabricated ceramic membranes can be operated with minimal trans-membrane pressure difference and do not require pumping. The support tubes and final membrane have been characterized by surface area and porosity measurements, permeability tests and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging. Arsenic concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma ? optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Due to its low cost and simple operation, the system can be applied as a point of use device for the treatment of arsenic contaminated groundwaters in developing countries.

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