Photocatalytic degradation of dyes and organic contaminants in water using nanocrystalline anatase and rutile TiO2

Autores: Tayade, R.J.|Surolia, P.K.|Kulkarni, R.G.|Jasra, R.V.
Fuente: Science and technology of advanced materials
en prensa

Nanocrystalline TiO2 was synthesized by controlled hydrolysis of titanium tetraisopropoxide. The anatase phase was converted to rutile phase by thermal treatment at 1023 K for 11 h. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), Fourier-transform infrared absorption spectrophotometry (FT-IR) and N2 adsorption (BET) at 77 K. This study compare the photocatalytic activity of the anatase and rutile phases of nanocrystalline TiO2 for the degradation of acetophenone, nitrobenzene, methylene blue and malachite green present in aqueous solutions. The initial rate of degradation was calculated to compare the photocatalytic activity of anatase and rutile nanocrystalline TiO2 for the degradation of different substances under ultraviolet light irradiation. The higher photocatalytic activity was obtained in anatase phase TiO2 for the degradation of all substances as compared with rutile phase. It is concluded that the higher photocatalytic activity in anatase TiO2 is due to parameters like band-gap, number of hydroxyl groups, surface area and porosity of the catalyst.

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