Preparation of zinc oxide ceramics with a sustainable antibacterial activity under dark conditions

Autores: Ken Hirota|Maiko Sugimoto|Masaki Kato|Kazuhiko Tsukagoshi|Tooru Tanigawa|Hiroshi Sugimoto
Fuente: Ceram. Int.
36 (2), 497-506

Fabrication of ZnO ceramics with a sustainable antibacterial activity even in the dark has been conducted. Fine ZnO powders were hydrothermally treated in 0.5-3 mol ml-1 Zn(NO3)2 aqueous solutions at 110-180 °C for 3-20 h. After an uniaxial pressing of the ZnO powders thus prepared, they were sintered at 400-600 °C for 1 h in air. Sustainability in antibacterial activity was evaluated using a colony count method with Escherichia coli bacteria on nutrient agar medium (36 °C/24 h) in a Na-P-buffer solution. The best data was attained for the ZnO ceramics prepared from the following conditions: a 3 mol ml-1 zinc nitrate solution for the hydrothermal treatment at 120 °C for 7 h and sintering in air with a step-by-step pattern (470 °C/1 h-485 °C/1 h-500 °C/1 h). ESR and chemical photoluminescence analyses have cleared that radical oxygen of super-oxide (O2-) originated from the surface of ZnO might exhibit an antibacterial activity even under the dark condition.

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