Sintering and crystallization behaviour of nanostrcutured glass-ceramic glazes derived from industrial solid wastes

Autores: He, M.|Man, L.|Hong-Xia, Y.|Xu, H.|Zang, L.W.|Fan, B.B.|Wang, H.L.|Chen, D.L.|Zhang, R.
Fuente: Glass Technol.
52(5), 169-174

Nanostructured glass-ceramic glazes with smooth and glossy surface textures were synthesized from coal fly ash and blast furnace slag by a simple sintering process. Sintering and crystallization behaviours of the glass-ceramic glaze obtained were investigated by x-ray fluorescence (XRF), differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry (DTA/TG), powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive x-ray detector (EDX). The results revealed that the amount of main crystalline phases changed with varying sintering temperatures and approached saturation at 1160°C. The main crystalline phase of the glass-ceramic glazes sintered at 1160°C was anorthite, and the anorthite phase content increased with increasing holding times at the crystallization temperature of 956°C. The glass-ceramic glaze obtained had a high Vickers hardness of 9·69 GPa, negligible water absorption, good adherence to the ceramic support, a thermal expansion coefficient of 7·6×10-6 °C-1 and admirable suitability to industrial rapid sintering. The good distribution of spherical anorthite crystals with a uniform size of about 250 nm was responsible for the excellent properties. A possible crystallization mechanism for this glass-ceramic glaze is proposed.

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