Autores: Djangang, C.N.|Elimbi, A.|Melo, U.C.|Lecomte, G.L.|Nkoumbou, C.|Soro, J.|Bonnet, J.P.|Blanchart, P.|Njopwouo, D.
Fuente: Ceram. Int.
34 (5), 1207-1213
Clay-chamotte composites were realized for manufacturing refractory bricks. We used two kaolinitic refractory clays mined in Cameroon and two calcined clays (chamottes) with a large grain size (0.1-4 mm). Clay-chamotte composites containing various quantities of chamotte (050 wt%) were shaped and sintered at 1200-1350º C. The structural characteristics of composites indicated the presence of quartz from the initial clay, cristobalite and mullite. SEM observations revealed very heterogeneous microstructures where porosity is weakly distributed and large pores are entrapped at the vicinity of large chamotte and quartz grains. In general, the global porosity increases with the chamotte content. A specific interpretation of the matrix role on the global sintering behaviour reveals that only a part of the matrix acts effectively. Since the most part of the global porosity is within the matrix, it is distributed in matrix zones, which participate effectively to sintering and in inert matrix zones where larger pores occur. The global mechanical strength is controlled by the matrix behaviour, but the high porosity of this phase is unfavourable to high strength values. Besides, the occurrence of larges pores and local cracks at large grain interfaces from thermal stresses are critical Haws, which reduce the mechanical strength
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