TiO2/modified natural clay semiconductor as a potential electrode for natural dye-sensitized solar cell

Autores: Ni-on Saelim|Magaraphan, R.|Sreethawong, T.
Fuente: Ceram. Int.
37 (2), 659-663

TiO2/modified natural bentonite clay semiconductor, as a potential electrode of dye-sensitized solar cell, having a Ti:Si molar ratio of 85:15 was, for the first time, compared with pure TiO2 (commercial P25) electrode in terms of solar cell efficiency and characteristics. 4-Chloro-2,5-difluorobenzoic acid and 4-(chloromethyl)benzoyl chloride were added to the electrodes to increase light harvesting ability of natural dyes extracted from red cabbage, rosella, and blue pea. The results showed that the TiO2/clay semiconductor provided a higher surface area but a slightly lower efficiency than the pure TiO2. The best natural sensitizer was found to be the dye extracted from red cabbage. Besides, the 4-(chloromethyl)benzoyl chloride provided a higher short circuit current for the TiO2/clay semiconductor.

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